100 COMMON MISTAKES IN ENGLISH MADE BY GREEK SPEAKERS

 

What follows is a list of one hundred common errors that Greek speakers typically make when speaking English, which are generally based on word-for-word translation from Greek into English. Following each incorrect sentence there is an analysis of what the mistake is and supplementary information on what is correct in English.

 


 

1. She fell down of her bed.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She fell out of bed.

A) fall down = to fall from a vertical position: the tree fell down in the storm.

B) fall out of = to fall from something which is holding or containing you: the baby has fallen out of the pram.

C) when we talk of bed as a place where we sleep etc, we dont use the definite article: she was in bed; he found them in bed together; I am going to bed. When we consider the bed as a piece of furniture, we use the article: the bed had not been made; they sat on the bed; there is a spider in the bed.

 

2. She is elder than me two years.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She is older than me by two years./She is two years my elder.

A) elder is a comparative adjective which must stand in front of a noun, and refers to peoples age in comparison with someone elses age: this is my elder brother. The superlative is eldest, and it indicates the oldest person in a group: John is the eldest boy in the class. It is most commonly used to refer to members of a family, although not exclusively.

B) elder is also used as a noun in the following phrase: she is five years my elder; he is six months your elder.

 

3. The bad was that he could not to go fishing.

CORRECT SENTENCE: The bad thing/The pity was that he could not go fishing.

A) The bad really means Bad people (remember the film, The Good, The Bad and The Ugly?), as when we place the definite article in front of an adjective of quality or class, it becomes a plural noun:

The poor are given hampers of food at Christmas by the Government.

Many of the uneducated in this country cant read or write.

B) After could you cannot use the full infinitive (to + verb).

 

4. I reached to the office early and knocked the door.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I reached the office early and knocked on the door.

A) reach is not followed by a preposition. It is a useful synonym for the verb arrive, which is followed by a preposition (at, on, or in according to the situation).

B) knock is followed by the preposition on when it means to hit with your hand to make a noise. If it is used without a preposition it means to hit accidentally:

As I was parking the car I knocked the car behind and broke its headlight.

I knocked into an old gentleman in the street and he fell over. = bumped into him

 

5. Yesterday in the night I saw a nice dream.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I had a nice dream last night.

A) Time references should stand at the end of a sentence, unless there is a special reason for them to be emphasised - then they stand at the beginning. Yesterday in the night is not proper English.

B) In English we have dreams, we dont see them!

 

6. Eventually the dog it managed to rich the park.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Eventually, the dog managed to reach the park./The dog finally managed to reach the park.

A) Eventually should be followed by a comma at the beginning of the sentence.

B) Pronouns are used to replace their nouns, not straight after them.

C) rich is an adjective, not a verb, and although its pronunciation is similar to reach, they should not be confused.

 

7. She is thinking to go to University.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She is thinking of going to University.

A) The phrase used for ... is I am thinking of + gerund.

 

8. Do not do so many typing errors.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Do not/Dont make so many typing errors/mistakes.

A) We say make an error/a mistake, not do.

9. Your car is not very clear.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Your car is not very clean.

A) clear means with the idea of or :

The sky was lovely and clear - not a cloud in sight.

The mountain water is completely clear and refreshing.

B) clean means not containing impurities, or not covered in dirt.

Use SuperKleen washing powder for absolutely clean clothes.

 

10. I had breakfast. After I went for jogging.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I had breakfast. Afterwards OR After that, I went jogging.

A) after is a conjunction which cannot begin a sentence. If it is used as a preposition it must be followed by a noun, not a verb. Afterwards is a suitable word for the beginning of a sentence to show that what comes next follows chronologically what happened in the previous sentence.

B) activities which are expressed with the verb go are in the gerund form, without a preposition:

go shopping, go fishing, go skiing, go cycling, go swimming, go running, go jogging,

go sailing, go hang-gliding

 

11. He did not happy when he herd the news.

CORRECT SENTENCE: He was not happy when he heard the news.

A) happy is not a verb, so it cant be introduced by did not !

B) herd, pronounced exactly the same as heard, means .

 

12. She looks an angel.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She looks like an angel.

A) we express appearance by comparison with the verb look like, which has resemble as a synonym.

 

13. Georgia is an experienced typewriter.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Georgia is an experienced typist.

A) although typewriter looks like a word to describe a person (cf. writer, driver), it describes the machine. Another common mistake of this sort is the word cooker, which is the machine not the person - he/she is a cook.

 

14. I didnt say you to do it.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I didnt tell you to do it.

A) the expression tell somebody to do something is used in English, not say.

 

15. A day I went a run.

CORRECT SENTENCE: (One day) I went for a run./I went running (one day).

A) A day is unemphatic, while One day means .

B) There are a number of phrases of the form go for a...:

go for a drink, go for a drive, go for a walk, go for a run, go for a jog, go for a swim

go for a ride (on a horse or bicycle), go (out) for a meal, go for a ski

 

16. Would you like a peace of cake?

CORRECT SENTENCE: Would you like a piece of cake?

A) You should not confuse peace (= ) with piece (= ), even though they are pronounced the same.

 

17. This windows are not cleans.

CORRECT SENTENCE: These windows are not clean.

A) Dont forget that this has a plural form, these, and that has those as its plural.

B) Adjectives do not show plural form in English.

 

18. We were discussing about his behaviour.

CORRECT SENTENCE: We were discussing his behaviour.

A) The verb discuss is NOT followed by a preposition. However, it MUST be followed by an object - it is never used without one. Moreover, it indicates quite a formal, serious conversation, not simply a friendly chat.

 

19. My grades are the same with your.

CORRECT SENTENCE: My grades/marks are the same as yours.

A) the same is followed by as, NEVER with. As is a preposition, so if you wish to place a verb after it, the verb has gerund form:

Watching a football match on television is not the same as watching it from

the stands in the stadium.

B) your is a possessive adjective, so it stands in front of a noun. Yours is a possessive pronoun, so it does not stand in front of a noun; it replaces a noun.

 

20. I felt asleep in class.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I fell asleep in class.

A) Do not confuse the following verbs:

feel felt felt ,

fall fell fallen

lose lost lost , δε βρίσκω

miss missed missed /μου λέιπει

loose loosed loosed ()

shoot shot shot

shout shouted shouted

 

21. Weather of England is often rainy.

CORRECT SENTENCE: The weather in England is often rainy/wet.

A) Although weather is an uncountable noun, it must be preceded by the here, because we are referring to particular weather - English weather.

B) Countries are preceded by the preposition in, not of.

 

22. I have lived hear since four years.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I have lived here for four years.

A) Do not confuse hear () and here ().

B) Since is used before expressions which say when an action started (such as last Monday, three oclock, 1962 and I was a child). For is used in front of expressions which show how long something has been happening (such as six days, two hours, several months, a hundred years).

 

23. I am old enough to drive a car she said me.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She told me (that) she was old enough to drive a car.

OR: I am old enough to drive a car, she said./she told me.

A) The verb say is used when we dont mention who hears what is said. Occasionally it is used in the form of he said to me, but this is not followed by what is said. However, it is acceptable to place the form he said to me after direct speech enclosed in inverted commas:

It is time to go, he said to her.

It is more usual to follow the form he told me, remembering that you must not put the preposition to after tell.

B) If you use reported speech, make sure that you apply all the necessary changes (tenses, pronouns, adverbs of time and place, etc.).

 

24. They asked each to the other for favours.

CORRECT SENTENCE: They asked each other for favours.

OR: They asked favours of each other.

A) Follow the form ask somebody for something, which means . Remember that ask somebody something means .

B) Dont forget that there is a parallel, older form: ask something of somebody, which means , and which is generally used when you are asking somebody to do something for you. Examples:

I asked his advice of him. (= I asked him for his advice.) He asks little of his wife. (= He doesnt

ask his wife to do much.)

C) Remember that we do a favour for others.

 

25. He went at the forest to cut a wood.

CORRECT SENTENCE: He went into/to the forest to cut some wood.

A) A very basic mistake is the use of at for movement. It is almost always wrong! Use to and its associated prepositions (into, upto, out to, onto etc).

B) A wood is . Wood as an uncountable noun means /. is a piece of wood, a stick or a plank according to the context. The phrase is he got/received a beating.

 

26. In the way to the cinema I met my friend.

CORRECT SENTENCE: On the way to the cinema I met my friend.

OR: On the way to the cinema I met a friend of mine.

A) in the/my way means = :

I couldnt get out of the car park because someone had parked in my way.

while on the/my way means = .

B) I met my friend refers to a particular friend whom you expected to meet. I met a friend of mine refers to a friend whom you didnt expect to meet. Remember the form of the second phrase: He is a friend of mine/yours/his/hers/ours/theirs/Johns/the Smiths/the managers.

 

27. For his surprise the film was cancelled.

CORRECT SENTENCE: To his surprise the film was cancelled.

A) Learn the following prepositional phrases if you dont already know them:

to my surprise

to her horror

to our shock

to their delight

to your astonishment

to their relief

They all hold the meaning of () etc.

 

28. She has many works to complete.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She has a lot of work/jobs to do.

A) Dont forget that work is both countable and uncountable, but the meaning differs according to which form is used. A work usually refers to a piece of art (visual, audio or written), work (uncountable) refers to the work we do (), and works (plural) can refer either to pieces of art, or to such ideas as Public Works (roadworks, for example). The Works can also mean the factory in a town where the factory employs a lot of people.

B) Remember that we do jobs or work, and that we do homework (uncountable) and housework (uncountable).

 

29. He was too angry when I told him to leave.

CORRECT SENTENCE: He was very angry (He was furious) when I told him to leave.

A) Dont forget that too means more than desirable. It is found in the form too adjective or adverb to do something.

B) Remember (and use!) adjectives which improve your expression. Using basic words is not wrong, but using more complicated vocabulary dramatically improves your expression in a foreign language. This is also true for your mother tongue...

Examples:

very hot = boiling, sweltering

very cold = freezing, parky

very angry = furious, beside oneself

very fast =speedy (adj.), speedily (adv.)

very slow(ly)=sluggish (adj.), sluggishly

very tired = exhausted

very noisy = deafening

very quiet = silent

very interesting = fascinating

 

All limit adjectives are qualified by absolutely

 

30. The bus ran fastly so that the passengers arrived quickly in the city.

CORRECT SENTENCE: The bus drove fast so that the passengers arrived in the city quickly.

A) Fast is both an adjective and an adverb, without any change in form. Another such adjective/adverb to remember is hard. Dont forget that hardly means almost not at all.

B) Remember that the normal word order of an unemphasised sentence (subject - verb - direct object - indirect object - how? - where? - when?) is changed if the verb indicates movement, and the order of the adverbial phrases at the end of the sentence becomes where? - how? -when?.

 

31. In the contrary to my friends I study hardly.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Unlike my friends I study hard.

A) On the contrary is an adverbial phrase, and is usually followed by a comma to separate it from the body of the sentence. It means Opposite to what has just been mentioned:

Pigs are said to be dirty animals. On the contrary, they are very clean.

Contrary to... is used in a similar way, and means Despite...:

Contrary to what people say about pigs being dirty animals, they are very clean.

So both expressions show a contrast where one idea contradicts another. That is why neither is suitable in the original sentence. Unlike simply means different from.

B) See 30.A) for information about hardly.

 

32. There is many people hear today.

CORRECT SENTENCE: There are many/a lot of people here today.

A) People is a plural noun when it means , . It is singular if it means .

B) See 22.A) for information about hear/here.

C) Many is usually used in negative or interrogative sentences, although not exclusively. It is more common in positive sentences when these are more formal.

 

33. He left from his work early today afternoon.

CORRECT SENTENCE: He left work early this afternoon.

A) Leave is not followed by from; this is a common, but serious mistake!

B) When we refer to the place where we work as work, it is not preceded by an article or by a possessive adjective:

I was going to work

He is at work

I left my keys at work

C) Remember the phrases this morning, this afternoon, this evening. British English speakers usually pronounce these phrases as the smorning, the sarfternoon, the seevening, without a preposition.

 

34. She borrowed me her comb.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She lent me her comb.

OR: She borrowed a/my comb (from me).

A) Dont forget that borrow and lend are opposites! They follow the form borrow something from somebody and lend something to somebody (or lend somebody something).

 

35. Do not do a noise.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Do not/Dont make a noise.

A) Remember that we make a noise.

B) The negative imperative is most commonly expressed by Dont + infinitive, although Do not + infinitive is more emphatic.

 

36. He was said to try very hardly.

CORRECT SENTENCE: He was said to have tried very hard.

A) After passive expressions with verbs of speech, we use an appropriate infinitive to show time and aspect. The four infinitives are (using the verb work):

Present Infinitive Simple work

Present Infinitive Continuous be working

Past Infinitive Simple have worked

Past Infinitive Continuous have been working

Present and Future tense ideas use Present Infinitives (with the important exception of Present Perfect ideas, which use Past Infinitives). Past tense ideas use Past Infinitives.

B) See 30.A) for information on hard/hardly.

37. She said me much lies.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She told me many/a lot of lies.

A) The correct phrase is tell somebody lies/a lie.

B) much is used for uncountable nouns, and like many is usually used in negative and interrogative sentences (see 32.C) ).

 

38. He told to her to dont disturb him.

CORRECT SENTENCE: He told her not to disturb him.

A) As was mentioned in 23.A), tell is not followed by the preposition to.

B) The form of tell here is tell somebody (not) to do something. Remember that not stands before to, which is the opposite of Greek word order ( ...).

 

39. She did not leave me to play.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She did not/didnt let me play.

A) Leave does not have the meaning of . The form you should use is let somebody do something. Remember not to use a full infinitive with to (*let somebody to do something), which is a very common, but serious mistake.

 

40. She is the best friend of hers.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She is her best friend.

A) You cannot use the definite article with phrases such as friend of mine, you must use the indefinite article. Look at the following examples:

This is a painting of Picassos.

I have found a book of yours.

Meet a colleague of mine, Keith Houseman.

 

41. Nobody said nothing for the traffic accident.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Nobody said anything about the traffic/road accident.

A) Nobody said nothing is a double negative, unacceptable in standard English, although commonly heard in uneducated speech.

B) Greek is translated as about when it is synonymous with ߔ, as here.

 

42. The weeds in the yard have grown up a lot.

CORRECT SENTENCE: The weeds in the yard have grown a lot.

A) Grow up is used for people, with the idea of become taller, older and more mature, grow (without up) means become taller or generally bigger in size, and can be used widely, not just for people.

 

43. The vegetables are not ripe.

CORRECT SENTENCE: The vegetables are not ripe.

A) Incorrect use of the apostrophe to express a plural, a common mistake of uneducated native speakers when writing. Remember also the difference between its and its.

B) Ripe is a little unusual in this sentence, and maybe ready would be more suitable. Ripe tends to be used for fruit. Mature is used for cheese, wine and humans! However, a ripe cheese is one which is tasting too strong because it hasnt been kept in ideal conditions

 

44. She likes not to travel with a plane.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She doesnt like travelling by plane.

A) The negative Simple Present verb should need no comment.

B) The verb like is followed by a full infinitive if it refers to specific occasions, and by a gerund if it refers to a general like. The same goes for dislike, love and hate.

C) The preposition by is used before the names of vehicles to indicate how someone travels, provided that no other word stands between by and the name of the vehicle.

 

45. For my good luck I have a hole collection of charms.

CORRECT SENTENCE: To my good luck I have a complete collection of charms.

A) Even the correct sentence is a little strange! Notice the phrases To my (good) luck, to my horror, to my delight, to my surprise, to my astonishment and others.

B) Dont confuse the words hole and whole, even though they are homophones.

C) the words whole and collection do not go well together, use complete.

 

46. Everybody in the circus were funny.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Everybody in the circus was funny.

A) Compounds of some, any, no and every are singular.

 

47. He did not obey to the policeman when he said stop.

CORRECT SENTENCE: He did not obey the policeman when he told him to stop.

A) The verbs obey and its opposite disobey are not followed by a preposition.

B) Written language doesnt reflect spoken language, and you must write more formally than you speak. It may be acceptable to say the expression when he said stop, but written language requires the more formal when he told him to stop.

 

48. The boy wich work at the store does this kind of things.

CORRECT SENTENCE: The boy who works at the store does this kind of thing.

A) Which is not used for people. The misspelt wich is a common error.

B) Omission of the final -s in the third person singular of the Present Simple is also a common error, and one to be avoided at all costs.

C) After the phrases kind(s) of, sort(s) of, variety/ies of, type(s) of you should use a singular noun.

 

49. I could not unplugged the kitchens sink.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I couldnt unblock the kitchen sink.

A) After modal verbs some form of the infinitive is used, full or bare. The Simple Past is never used.

B) Unplug means to remove the (electric) plug, not to remove the plug from a sink, which is expressed by the phrase take the plug out.

C) Many expressions using a noun as an adjective exist, such as car door, door key, pen top and so on. It is usually wrong to use the genitive instead of these particular phrases.

 

50. The crazy man laughed loud.

CORRECT SENTENCE: The madman laughed out loud.

A) crazy is not used as commonly as Greeks seem to think. is the madman.

B) Notice the phrase out loud.

 

51. She was hearing the song from the stereo.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She was listening to the song on the stereo.

A) Hear means , while listen to means .

B) Notice that we say ON the stereo, the video, the television, the radio.

 

52. Before a week I won her at tennis.

CORRECT SENTENCE: A week ago I beat her at tennis.

A) Before is used in this way only in reported speech.

B) The verb win means (, ), while beat means (, ).

C) Notice that we beat someone else AT an activity.

 

53. The arsonist put fire to the house.

CORRECT SENTENCE: The arsonist set fire to the house.

A) The phrase is set fire to.

 

54. She went at work without to take a shower first.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She went to work without taking a shower first.

A) The preposition at is not used for movement.

B) Without is a preposition, so it is followed by a noun or a gerund, not an infinitive. Only the prepositions but and except can be followed by infinitives.

 

55. The teacher wanted to make us a frighten.

CORRECT SENTENCE: The teacher wanted to frighten us.

A) There is no such phrase as to make someone a frighten.

 

56. Yesterday were many snows.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Yesterday there was a lot of snow.

A) All verbs must have a subject, which must stand before the verb, unless the sentence is a question.

B) Snow is an uncountable noun, unlike in Greek.

57. She has not succeed to get a date for Friday night.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She has not succeeded in getting a date for Friday night.

A) The Present Perfect form should not cause any problems at this level.

B) The verb succeed is followed by in and a noun or a gerund, never an infinitive.

 

58. Her illness prevent her for working.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Her illness prevented her from working.

A) The verb prevent is followed by the preposition from and a noun or a gerund.

 

59. She said me she buyed a dresses.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She told me she had bought some dresses/a dress.

A) Care is needed with the verbs say and tell. See sentence 23.

B) The rules of tense change for reported speech must be followed in English, unlike in Greek.

 

60. I stopped out the restaurant to rest for a minute.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I stopped outside the/a restaurant to rest for a minute.

A) The preposition out refers only to movement, while outside refers both to movement and position.

 

61. She was enjoyed her travel very much.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She enjoyed her trip very much.

A) The verb enjoy is not a passive verb, and is rarely found used in the passive.

B) The noun travel is uncountable, and means the experience of travelling, whereas trip or journey indicates a specific movement from one place to another. The plural noun travels means exotic journeys, adventures, as in the phrase He has written a highly successful book about his travels.

 

62. Our lifes have been changed by the experience.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Our lives have been changed (better: altered) by the experience.

A) Care is needed in forming the plural of nouns ending in -f or -fe, as some nouns do not follow the rule whereby the -f becomes a -v when -es is added. The most notable examples of this are roof - roofs, cliff - cliffs, chief -chiefs, safe - safes, dwarf -dwarfs.

 

63. The man was laying at the bed.

CORRECT SENTENCE: The man was lying on the bed.

A) The verbs lie and lay cause problems. Here are their forms and meanings:

1 2 3 4 5

lie lied lied lying

lie lay lain lying ,

lay laidlaid laying ,

 

1 = Infinitive, 2 = Past Simple, 3 = Past Participle, 4 = Present Participle, 5 = Meaning in Greek.

B) The preposition at is generally used to indicate the activity taking place at a certain place, rather than for position. Therefore, its use is incorrect here.

 

64. Lets go for a walk in the car.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Lets go for a drive in the car.

A) Lets go for a walk means literally that: a walk using your feet. Notice other phrases: go for a run, go for a ride (on a bike, a motorbike or a horse), go for a swim, go for a jog, go for a fly (in a small plane), go for a ski.

 

65. When I will return at home I will go to the bed.

CORRECT SENTENCE: When I return home I will go to bed.

A) Do not use a future tense in a Time Clause.

B) At home refers to position, while home without a preposition refers to movement.

C) The phrase is go to bed.

 

66. As usually, our mother explained us behave.

CORRECT SENTENCE: As usual, our mother explained to us how to behave.

A) Notice the phrase as usual, which means as she usually does. As usually is WRONG.

B) The verb explain has the following syntaxes: explain sth to sb (NEVER explain sb sth), and explain to sb how to do sth. Exceptionally, when the sth is a long list of phrase, we use the syntax explain to sb sth.

67. He tryed to fit the luggages in the car.

CORRECT SENTENCE: He tried to fit the luggage in the car.

A) Try is followed by an infinitive if it means , and by a gerund if it means .

B) Luggage, like baggage, is an UNCOUNTABLE noun.

 

68. The bank was stoled in Saturday.

CORRECT SENTENCE: The bank was robbed on Saturday.

A) The verb steal - stole - stolen means to take something which does not belong to you, while to rob means to remove something from somebody or from a building illegally. The syntax is steal sth from sb, rob sth/sb of something. Other verbs worth remembering are mug sb, burgle a building (usually a house), shoplift sth (from a shop).

B) Be careful with prepositions for time phrases:

The following phrases are as they are spoken:

On Saturday, the fifth of June, nineteen ninety-two

On the fifth of June, nineteen ninety-two

In June, nineteen ninety-two

In nineteen ninety-two

 

69. She dresses good and has nice cloths.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She dresses well and has nice clothes.

A) good is not an adverb but an adjective, so it cannot describe an action.

B) cloth means when it is uncountable, and ߔ when it is countable.

 

70. She was laying in the park when I looked her.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She was lying in the park when I saw her.

A) See sentence 63 for information on lie and lay.

B) Look is followed by the preposition at, but here the meaning requires see, which means to see by chance.

 

71. I am getting my hairs cut today.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I am getting/having my hair cut today.

A) Hair is uncountable with the meaning ܔ, and countable with the meaning .

B) Both the verbs get and have are used to form the causative voice, but get indicates a more active role on the part of the subject.

 

72. She was very hurry so she raised from the dinner table without say anything.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She was in a (great) hurry so she rose from the dinner table without saying anything.

A) Notice the phrase I am in a (great) hurry.

B) The verb raise means , , while rise - rose - risen means , .

C) Without is a preposition, and as such it must be followed by a noun or a gerund, never an infinitive.

 

73. I knew from the beginning nothing helped.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I knew from the start/outset that nothing would help.

A) Notice the phrases from the start and from the outset.

B) Be careful to follow the rules for tense changes in reported speech, which must be used in almost all cases.

 

74. I opened light for to read my book.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I switched on the light in order to/so as to/to read my book./so that I could read my book.

A) Open and close are not used for starting and stopping the function of electrical appliances.

B) For to is not the way we express purpose. If the subjects of both parts of the sentence are the same, then use in order (not) to, so as (not) to, or just (not) to, but if the subjects are different you should use so that or in order that and an appropriate tense.

 

75. The car was running very quick.

CORRECT SENTENCE: The car was travelling very quickly/fast.

A) Cars do not run, because they do not have legs!!

B) Quick is an adjective, not an adverb, so it cannot describe an action.

 

76. We have no time to loose.

CORRECT SENTENCE: We have no time to lose.

A) Loose as a verb means (), and as an adjective it means .

 

77. Occasionally when it happens the weather to be bad I do not go for baths.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Occasionally, when the weather happens to be bad, I do not go swimming.

A) Occasionally at the beginning of a sentence should be followed by a comma.

B) Happen with the meaning of is not an impersonal verb in English.

C) Baths means - the thing you sit in in your bathroom!

 

78. The fire result a very big damage.

CORRECT SENTENCE: The fire resulted in/caused serious damage.

A) The verb result is followed by the preposition in.

B) Damage is an uncountable noun, and is usually found with the adjective serious. The plural noun damages does not mean , it means .

 

79. I heard the bomb to explode and run for cover.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I heard the bomb explode and ran for cover.

A) Verbs of perception such as hear are followed by the bare infinitive, if the whole action is perceived, or by a present participle if the action is repeated or only partially perceived. The full infinitive is not used after them.

B) Be careful to ensure that all verbs have a tense.

 

80. It is not a so easy thing to get to Australia with a car.

CORRECT SENTENCE: It is not such an easy thing/task/It is not so easy to get to Australia by car.

A) Care is needed with the rules for the use of so and such.

B) Avoid using the phrase with a car/lorry/plane etc/.

 

81. Where should I put all these furniture?

CORRECT SENTENCE: Where should I put all this furniture?

A) Furniture is an uncountable noun.

 

82. I run very fast but still I lost the bus.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I ran very fast but I still missed the bus.

A) Be careful to ensure that all verbs have a tense.

B) Still stands in front of verb groups, but after the subject of the verb group. If the verb group is positive, still stands in the position of the adverbs of frequency. If the group is negative, still stands in front of the whole verb group:

He is still doing his homework.

I still havent found what I am looking for.

C) Lose means , miss means , .

 

83. He passed terrible the holiday.

CORRECT SENTENCE: He had a terrible time on holiday.

A) Notice the phrase have a great/terrible/fantastic etc time. Pass does not means in the phrase ܔ, which would be I am having a great time.

 

84. I ate a lot because the other day I was going to do a diet.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I ate a lot because the next day I was going to go on a diet.

A) The other day means .

B) is go on a diet or start a diet, or be on a diet if it has already started.

 

85. I waited Paul to be a tall man and dark.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I expected Paul to be a tall, dark man.

A) The verb wait is followed by the preposition for. Expect means .

B) Adjectives are only joined by and if their meanings are associated:

It was a cold and windy night.

He was a sly and cunning boy.

The wet and miserable dog slunk in through the door.

 

86. She is the girl who she saw the murder.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She is the girl who saw/witnessed the murder.

A) When who, which or that is the subject of the following verb, it must be immediately followed by the verb (or an adverb and the verb). If a pronoun or noun stands before the verb, then who, which or that must be the object of the verb.

B) Dont forget that a relative clause is surrounded by commas if the information it presents is not essential for the meaning of the main clause:

France, which is a hexagonally-shaped country, lies between

Germany and the Atlantic Ocean.

 

87. I have two months to go in England.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I havent been to England for two months.

A) The original (incorrect) sentence directly reflects the Greek έχω δύο μήνες να πάω στην Αγγλία, but is completely incorrect in English

 

88. He understood his mistake

CORRECT SENTENCE: He realised his mistake.

The verb understand means to begin to know something that is explained to you, whereas realise means that something suddenly comes to you, maybe by someone telling you and maybe not.

 

89. She told me she will dance and so she did

CORRECT SENTENCE: She told me she would dance/was going to dance and she did so.

A) The rules of Reported Speech as regards the change of tense are usually kept in English, so the verb has to go once tense back from what was actually said.

B) she did so is a phrase used to repeat a verb already mentioned, for example:

I have decided to get fit and I am determined to do so.

 

90. The evening I went at a concert with a friend of me.

CORRECT SENTENCE: In the evening I went to a concert with a friend of mine.

A) Remember the phrases in the morning/afternoon/evening and at night.

B) The preposition at is generally not used for verbs of movement. If it is combined with a verb of movement, the idea of an attack is implied:

I threw the ball to my friend BUT I threw the stone at the window.

I drove to the garage BUT The joyriders drove the stolen car at the policeman.

C) In English we say a friend of mine, where mine means my friends. So the idea of the phrase a friend of mine means ένας από τους φίλους μου. If a noun is used, or a name, the correct form is a friend of my uncles and a friend of Daves.

 

91. He hanged the mirror in the wall.

CORRECT SENTENCE: He hung the mirror on the wall.

A) The verb hang exists in two forms: hang - hung - hung, which means to suspend an object from a hook, nail etc. Hang - hanged - hanged means to kill a person by hanging them by the throat.

B) in the wall would suggest that the mirror was inside the wall, not on its surface.

 

92. She did a mistake to her work.

CORRECT SENTENCE: She made a mistake in her work.

A) The verbs make and do need special care - there are particular collocations (combination of two or more words) which you should learn.

Ask me to give you a list from the computer if I havent already done so.

 

93. Except what I tell you, you must also buy soap.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Apart from what I have told you, you must also buy some soap.

A) The preposition except requires the preposition for when it stands at the beginning of a sentence:

Except for John, everybody here speaks French.

When placed elsewhere in the sentence, the preposition for is optional.

Everybody here speaks French, except (for) John.

The form except for/except means not including.

Apart from means including/as well as:

Apart from French, I also speak German and Italian.

B) Soap is uncountable, therefore it requires an article when we are not talking about all the soap in the world!

 

94. The inspector controlled my ticket.

CORRECT SENTENCE: The inspector checked my ticket.

A) Control means restrict the way something operates so that it operates in the way that you want. Check means to look at something to make sure that it is correct.

 

95. Last night I listened a bad new.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Last night I heard some bad news.

A) Listen requires the preposition to if it has an object:

I listened to some Mozart as I worked.

Hear means to hear something which is in the sound around us, as the sound from the radio or television is. If listen were used it would mean that you already knew that there was this news beforehand and listened to the report especially.

B) News is uncountable. It therefore takes the articles some/any/no and a singular verb.

 

96. He opened the radio entering into the car.

CORRECT SENTENCE: He turned on the radio/He turned the radio on when he got into the car.

A) Open is used to express the idea of movement of one surface from another (such as opening a book or door). Turn on and its opposite turn off refer to putting into operation a device, usually electrical.

B) Enter into means begin and is principally used in formal phrases, such as The USA has entered into negotiations with Russia over economic aid. Enter with the meaning of go into is not followed by a preposition: He entered the room quietly.

However, with cars, we use the form get into and its opposite get out of. If get into/out of are used with buildings (houses, shops etc) it means to enter/leave by using force: How did the thieves get into the shop? The man managed to get out of prison by digging a tunnel.

 

97. Look in page 3 on line 6.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Look at line 6 on page 3.

A) Note the prepositions, and the fact that we put the most restrictive item first.

 

98. A lot of friends is hear.

CORRECT SENTENCE: A lot of friends are here.

A) A simple mistake - putting a plural noun with a singular verb.

B) Another simple mistake - misspelling hear and here. Another common error is confusing there and their.

 

99. Anybody did not to tell the truth to me.

CORRECT SENTENCE: Nobody told me the truth.

A) Anybody as a subject means whoever/any person who/everyone who:

Anybody who sees the criminal should call the police.

B) The form of tell is tell somebody something.

 

100. Everyday on holidays I was playing at the garden.

CORRECT SENTENCE: I played in the garden every day on holiday.

A) A frequent action is indicated here, therefore the verb must be Past Simple.

B) The preposition at is used before words indicating place provided that a particular activity always happens in that place. A good example is at the bus-stop, where clearly a particular activity (waiting for a bus) takes place.

C) Words and phrases indicating the time an action happens occur at the end of the sentence, or at the beginning when they are emphasised.

 

 

 

 

 

Written by Bryan Hollamby